[Video] Emphysema: Pathophysiology

The Emphysema is a disease in which destruction of air sacs or alveoli sacs in the lungs cause shortness of breath. The reduction in surface area causes the amount of oxygen delivered to bloodstream to be reduced. Emphysema is one of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, apart from Chronic Bronchitis.

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The three causes are:

  1. Smoking
  2. Air pollution
  3. Dust and Fumes


  1. Cough
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Exacerbation
  4. Others: Barrel chest, Cor pulmonale, Ischaemic heart disease, etc.

Additionally, you can check out some articles that may be resourceful to you:

  1. Basics of Reading X-Ray
  2. Cough: Clinical History Taking
  3. History Taking Format
  4. Fever: History Taking
  5. Pneumonia: Clinical Approach


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