MBBS: Full Form, Course Details and Reviews

The full form MBBS is Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae, meaning Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. It is one of the most popular courses worldwide for graduating as a doctor.

After 5.5 years of graduation (in India), including 4.5 years of study and 1 year of Internship, a student finally becomes a Doctor. It was given the Guinness Books of World Records marked it on May 18, 2011, as the toughest study course ever.

MBBS Full Form

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of surgery, which is derived from the Latin word- MBBS meaning Medicinae Baccalaureus, Baccalaureus Chirurgiae. Therefore, it is a combined version of Latin and English words.

MBBS Degree

MBBS is an A-level professional degree or more precisely, an Undergraduate course for becoming a doctor. This is one of the most renowned degrees through which one can practice medicine.

The title “Dr” or Doctor can then be used before the name to refer to the person. This is not just a title, it’s a title of courtesy indeed!


The trend was initially from the UK or British culture, where an MBBS degree was awarded to people for the higher authority of medical service.

Nowadays, it’s rewarded after completion of the course, in different countries, especially Asian countries namely India, Russia, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and a lot more.

More about MBBS

After completion of graduation, the person takes the renowned HIPPOCRATIC OATH, to pledge to the service with heart and soul. The courtesy to serve is one of the most difficult tasks in the world.

The student has to finish 5.5 years (five and a half!) to be called a doctor.

Duration and Subjects

It is a 5.5-year course including Theory and Clinical practice.

The duration and subjects taught are as:

First year

Duration: 1 year

Subjects: Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry


This is the toughest year of MBBS since one has just switched from school education to an entirely new level. It takes time to adjust to the syllabus and the environment.

Most importantly, if one fails in the first year, they get a year back. It is advised to stay focused on studies for this year.

You can now download the books for individual subjects. Follow the below links:

Second year

Duration: 1.5 years
Subjects: Pharmacology, Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic medicine


By the time a student clears his first year, he is already well acquainted with the study pattern. The subjects are entirely new and focus on a theoretical approach and establishing basics before going forward.

You can now download the books for individual subjects. Follow the below links:

Third year

Duration: 1 year
Subjects: Ophthalmology, ENT and Community medicine


This is somewhat of a golden year for MBBS students. Life is easy, subjects are not so tough and a lot of exposure is gained from community medicine and the rest two. This is the period when we are first exposed to patients.

Grab Third year books in PDF format using the links below:

Fourth year

Duration: 1 year
Subjects: Surgery, Medicine, Pediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynecology


Toughest year of one’s entire MBBS. Why? Because the syllabus is too vast to cover. Medicine becomes so hectic and the timelines are crucial. It is difficult to adjust to studies and life simultaneously. If one fails this year, he has to go through a long gap to pass.

Here are subject-wise PDF files you can download for the fourth year:


Duration: 1 year
In this time period, students are exposed to clinical practice by working at hospitals.

Therefore, a total of 4.5 years of theory (1+1.5+1+1) and 1 year of internship makes it 5.5  of course.


It is all about learning practical skills now. In this phase of MBBS, one adapts to approaching real patients and performing procedures. Rotation in different areas such as wards, OPD, OTs, and Emergencies grants significant exposure and helps establish a role in medical society.

This is the time when one must start preparing for higher studies such as NEET PG conducted by NBEMS.

Some articles useful for Interns are as follows:

Check out our complete clinical skills section to learn more practical methods during your internship.

So, apart from just the full form, you also need to know why it is one of the toughest yet renowned courses in the world. Perhaps that’s why many people refer to Doctors as Gods.

There’s a lot more to do after it, that’s why a doctor always has to study throughout their life to serve their patients the best way they can.

If you have any queries or feedback, please leave them in the comments below. Hope this post on MBBS full form helped you clear your doubts.

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  1. Thanks for providing the knowledge regarding medical field’s most best demanded degree MBBS.

    The article also contains the perfect classification regarding each year of MBBS i.e. what subjects to study, what to study etc..

    Thanks for the info.


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