Important Topics in Biochemistry MBBS First Year

We are often drawn back when it comes to Biochemistry during the First year of MBBS. It’s not simply a confusing subject, but you have to mug up a lot from this. Some even get to the brink of failing and start looking out for only important topics, so it’s much easier to pass out in the semester. For such students, we have got the list. Below are the important topics to study for Biochemistry during the First year of MBBS.

Before we go, we hope you’ve got some important Biochemistry books in your pocket. If not, you can get them here for free:

Also, check out our K Sembulingam PDF Book here!

Cell Membrane and Transport

  • Fluid Mosaic Model
  • Facilitated Diffusion
  • Aquaporins
  • Ionophores
  • Active Transport
  • Receptor-Mediated Endocytosis


  • Glycogen Storage diseases
  • Glycolysis
  • TCA cycle
  • Glycogen Metabolism
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Glucose transporters
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Test for carbohydrates


  • Michaelis Menton Graph
  • Regulation
  • Kinetics

Amino acids and Proteins

  • Metabolism of Tyrosine, tryptophan & phenylalanine
  • Positively charged and negatively charged amino acids
  • Titration curves
  • Isoelectric pH
  • Essential and Non-essential Amino acids
  • Chaperones
  • Transamination & Urea cycle
  • Methods of detection of protein structures
  • Collagen
  • Heme Synthesis
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Phenylketonuria


  • Sphingolipids
  • Cholesterol synthesis
  • Omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids
  • Ketone body synthesis and utilization
  • Rothera’s test
  • Lipoproteins
  • Fatty acid synthesis
  • Hormone-sensitive lipase
  • Beta oxidation of fatty acids

Molecular biology in Biochemistry

  • PCR and RT PCR
  • DNA repair
  • Codons
  • Post-transcriptional modifications
  • Post-translational modifications
  • Mutation
  • Klenow fragment
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Pyrimidine synthesis
  • Translation
  • Nucleotides
  • DNA methylation
  • Genomic Imprinting
  • Hybridisation techniques
  • Blue white assay

Miscellaneous Biochemistry

  • Fuel for the body in fed, fasting & starvation
  • Respiratory Quotient
  • Vitamins
  • Source of energy for muscles
  • Diabetes and insulin
  • Zellweger syndrome
  • Thermogenic effect

That’ll be all. Good luck with your exams. Stay tuned for more upcoming MBBS articles and videos.

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here