Complete Emergency Drugs Name & Uses List- ICU Medicine PDF

The Emergency Drugs Name List is often coupled with the finest skills to handle a life-threatening scenario of a patient and save his life. From the initial management to making the quick diagnosis, everything is done carefully to achieve the best outcomes.

However, one must know the emergency drug names and uses to treat and stabilize the patient as early as possible. You can download this list in PPT or PDF format using the link below.



Emergency Drugs Name and Uses

Following is the list of commonly used emergency medicine for Casualty and ICU.


Life-Saving Drugs

The list of emergency drugs and their actions PDF includes the following Life-saving drugs (Please refer to Crash Cart for a complete list):

Emergency DrugsAction
AtropineUsed in A-V heart block, restore cardiac rate, reduce respiratory secretions
Adrenaline (Epinephrine)Sympathomimetic agents used in Cardiac arrest and emergency treatment of allergic reactions (Type I), including anaphylaxis
Digoxin (Dixin)Heart failure, Atrial Fibrillation
Common Crash Cart Drugs for ICU and Casualty

Painkillers (Analgesics)

The emergency drug list and uses including Analgesic drugs are:

Emergency DrugsUse
Paracetamol (Neomol)Pain reliever and anti-pyretic for fever
DiclofenacNSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain
Drotaverine (Drotin)An anti-spasmodic drug used to treat renal colic and abdominal pain
Tramadol (Tramatas)Narcotic analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain
Valethamate bromide (Epidosin)An anti-spasmodic drug used to treat abdominal pain
Common Painkiller prescriptions in Casualty

Cardiac Drugs

The ICU emergency drugs name for cardiac diseases are:

Emergency Drugs NameUses
Adrenaline (Epinephrine)A sympathomimetic agent used in Cardiac arrest and emergency treatment of allergic reactions (Type I) including anaphylaxis
Noradrenaline (Norad)Catecholamine and inotropic agents used to temporarily correct profound hypotension before fluid replacement therapy can work
Dopamine (Domin)Catecholamine and inotropic agents are used to treat certain conditions, such as low pressure, that occur when you are in shock, which may be caused by a heart attack, trauma, surgery, heart failure, kidney failure, and other serious medical conditions
Dobutamine (dotamin)Catecholamine and inotropic agents used to treat heart failure
TorsemideLoop diuretics are used to treat oedema from Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), liver disease, or a kidney disorder such as nephrotic syndrome
Furosemide (Lasix)Loop diuretics are used to treat oedema from Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), liver disease, or a kidney disorder such as nephrotic syndrome
Digoxin (Dixin)Heart failure, Atrial Fibrillation
Nitroglycerin (Nitrocin)used for treating high blood pressure, CHF, MI and Chest pain
ICU and Cardiac Life Saving drugs

Respiratory Drugs

The emergency drugs names in the emergency trolley for the respiratory system are:

Drug ListUses
Etophylline and TheophyllineBronchodilators are used to treat symptoms and blockage of the airway due to asthma or other lung diseases (eg. emphysema, bronchitis)
DexamethasoneCorticosteroids are used to treat allergic disorders, skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, or breathing disorders
Budesonide nebulizer (derinide)Corticosteroid, an inhalation drug used for Bronchial Asthma
Levosalbutamol and Ipatropium Bromide (Duolin/Combimist)Bronchodilators are used to treat wheezing and breathlessness caused by underlying lung disease
Acetylcysteine Solution (Mucocyst)Mucolytics are used to treat abnormal, sticky, or thick mucus secretions in various lung problems such as cough
Respiratory Emergency Drugs Chart

Central Nervous System (CNS) Drugs

The Emergency Drugs chart for CNS are:

Drug NameAction
Epsolin (Phenytoin)An anti-epileptic drug used to control seizures
Phenobarbitone sodiumBarbiturates are used as sedative hypnotics and also anti-convulsants
Magnesium sulphateSeizures associated with Eclampsia and Pre-eclampsia
Lorazepam (Lopez)Lorazepam is used to produce sedation needed in Seizures, particularly status epilepticus; Anti-anxiety drug, anti-convulsant
Diazepam (Lori)Benzodiazepine is used to produce sedation needed in Seizures, particularly status epilepticus; anti-anxiety drug, anti-convulsant
Prochlorperazine mesylate (Stemetil)Phenothiazine neuroleptic is used to treat acute mania and short-term treatment of anxiety. It may also be used to treat the symptoms of nausea and vomiting
CNS Drugs used in Casualty and ICU

Gastrointestinal Drugs

The emergency drugs in the emergency trolley for GIT are:

Drugs NameUse
Drotaverine (Drotin)An anti-spasmodic drug used to treat renal colic and abdominal pain
Valethamate bromide (Epidosin)An anti-spasmodic drug used to treat abdominal pain
Gastrointestinal Drugs List for Emergency Trolley

Obstetrics and Gynecology Drugs

The emergency drugs name and uses for Obstetrics and Gynecology are:

Drug ListAction
Drotaverine (Drotin)A spasmolytic agent used to enhance cervical dilation during childbirth
Tranexamic acidCoagulation modifier used to reduce bleeding
Magnesium sulphateused as tocolytic to stop preterm labour
Valethamate bromide (Epidosin)A spasmolytic agent used to facilitate labour in cervical spasm
Methylergometrine maleate (Methergine)Uterine stimulants used to treat postpartum or post-abortal uterine bleeding
ICU Emergency Medicine for Obstetrics and Gynecology

Allergy

The emergency drugs listed in ICU and Casualty used for allergy are:

Medicine NameUses
Pheniramine Maleate (Avil)An anti-histamine drug used for allergic conditions such as hayfever, runny nose, itching skin and skin rashes
Hydrocortisone 100mg (Efcorlin)Corticosteroids are used for allergies, arthritis, asthma, multiple sclerosis, and skin conditions
DexamethasoneCorticosteroids are used to treat allergic disorders, skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, or breathing disorder
PromethazineAn anti-histamine drug used to treat allergies such as itching, runny nose, sneezing, itchy or watery eyes, hives, and itchy skin rashes
Some of the Crash Cart Trolley Emergency Drugs

Antibiotics

The commonly used antibiotics in ICU and Casualty are:

Antibiotics NameUses
Ceftriaxone (Monocef)Common infections
Amikacin (Amiject)Targeted infections
Gentamicin (Ranbiotic)Targeted infections
Tazobactam + Piperacillin (Piptaz or Tazopip)Broad spectrum antibiotic
Meropenam + Vancomycin (Mero + Vanco)Broad spectrum antibiotic
Ciprofloxacin (Ciplox)Common infections
Antibiotics Chart used commonly

Miscellaneous

Below are some miscellaneous emergency drugs name and uses found in the crash cart trolley:

NameUses
Tranexamic acidAnti-fibrinolytic used to reduce bleeding
Tetanus VaccineVaccines are given after RTA, wounds from metals, etc. to prevent tetanus
Rabies Vaccine (ARS and ARV)Used for prophylaxis against rabies
SuccinylcholineMuscle relaxants are used for relaxing muscles and also used as general anaesthesia
PhytomenadioneVitamin K1 used to reduce bleeding
ThiocolchicosideMuscle relaxant with Anti-inflammatory and Analgesic actions
Haemocoagulase (Botropase)Coagulative and Anti-hemorrhagic properties
Calcium Gluconate injectionThe mineral supplement used for hypocalcemic tetany
Ranitidine hydrochloride (Zindac)H2 Blockers are given mostly with other drugs also used to treat ulcers in the stomach and intestines
Ondansetron (Vomikind)Anti-emetics used to prevent nausea and vomiting
Metoclopramide (Perinorm)Anti-emetics used to prevent nausea and vomiting
L-Ornithine Aspartate (Hepamerz)Stable salt of ornithine and aspartic acid used to treat high ammonia levels or severe liver impairment, end-stage cirrhosis
Cholecalciferol (Dewin)Vitamin D3 is used for hypocalcemia, Osteomalacia
Sodium Phosphate enemaSaline laxatives used to treat severe constipation or clean bowel before medical procedures
Rabies Vaccine and Tetanus vaccine are the most used here (Of course Rantac!)

Hope you enjoyed our Emergency Drugs Name and Uses list. Please let us know if you would like to have the PPT or PDF file for the chart of these drugs mailed to you.

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10 COMMENTS

    • Crash cart is kind of trolley which contains all emergency drugs and medical instruments. Apart from emergency medicines, the crash cart contains devices like defibrillators, bag valve masks, suction devices, etc. The advanced cardiac life support drugs in it include Epinephrine, Atropine, Dopamine, Sodium bicarbonate, vasopressin, etc.

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